Innovative problem solving skills
A tailored multi-disciplinary approach
Easy-to-use software tools to support economic and business plan analysis
State-of-the-art statistical and econometric modeling services
Full-service support from a hardware, software, and data integration provider
Econometric Analysis and Modeling
SAG is a recognized industry leader in applying rigorous econometric analysis to the problems of both the public and private-sector. Our economists and operations research analysts have experience developing models tailored to each client's unique situation, needs and experience and communicating the outcome of these models in a way easily accessible to decision-makers in all fields. Our models use sophisticated econometric techniques to parse the true impact our client's decisions have on the choices employees and customers make.
Army SRB: For the U.S. Army, SAG developed a web-based Selective Reenlistment Bonus (SRB) management system. This interactive application uses ASP.NET with code written in Visual Basic.NET and employing a backend MS SQL Server 2000 database. Model users can observe the projected impact of changes in the SRB plan on reenlistees and program costs. A companion application was developed to allow the SRB program manager to manage the list of SRB skills and maintain an accurate history of the program. This tool automatically generated plan tables for SRB messages, dramatically reducing the level of effort to promulgate new plans.
Effect of Reserve Activation on Small Business: SAG used Department of Defense (DOD) data on the employment and activation of military Reserve personnel and Dun and Bradstreet data on sales and firm size to examine the impact of Reserve activation on employers. The study includes an analysis of the size and industry characteristics of firms employing activated reservists as well as the impact of the length of activation on the firm.
Employee Turnover and Employee Compensation in Small Business: SAG examined the relationship between employee turnover and firm size as it relates to compensation using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY). The purpose of this study is to examine whether employee turnover differences between small and large firms are the result of differences in wages and benefits or of some form of self-selection where employees of small businesses are simply more prone to high turnover rates than those in larger firms.
Navy SRB Research: SAG Corporation developed a suite of tools for the U.S. Navy that are used to manage the Selective Reenlistment Bonus (SRB) program. These models are based in original econometric research conducted by SAG analysts. The models predict changes in the number of reenlistees and in program costs for alternative SRB plans. SAG analysts provide ongoing support to the Navy to maintain and improve the models. SAG also assists the Navy in the operation of the models during award plan development.
OPRRDB/EPRDB: The Officer Personnel Relational Research Database project combines longitudinal individual level data with a one time snap shot of officers’ educational histories for use by the Army Research Institute. This project implements a web-based application that allows researchers to download a wide range of service and demographic information.
SWO Research: SAG has conducted several types of research on the Navy Surface Warfare Officer (SWO) Community over the years. Analysts conducted a compensation analysis project that resulted in the recommendation of a new incentive pay for the SWO community that was later adopted into law. Later, economists estimated a model of voluntary retention decisions among Surface Warfare Officers and developed pay elasticities. SAG has provided continuing analytical support as the compensation system for SWOs has evolved.
Policy Research and Analysis
One of the main areas SAG applies its econometric analysis and modeling tools is the area of policy research and analysis. We have performed policy analysis for many government organizations including the Department of Defense, Internal Revenue Service, and Veterans Affairs. Our policy analysis starts with a thorough review of the policy under consideration and similar policies in place in other organizations, states or countries. We then use a variety of analytical tools including cost-benefit, impact and statistical analyses to provide a detailed picture of the options available to the client prior to making our recommendation. Our recommendations are always based on objective, quantitative research so they can be easily justified during the decision-making process.
DACMC: SAG Corporation provided support to the Defense Advisory Committee on Military Compensation (DACMC). SAG personnel collected historical budget and pay data and constructed comparative civilian and military pay streams. SAG staff produced issue papers for the committee on evidence regarding members’ personal discount rates and on the theoretical justification for the provision of cash vs. in-kind compensation. SAG authored an issue paper (working with a DACMC subcommittee) on Special and Incentive Pays that was included as a section of the final committee report. SAG also produced staff analysis on a time-in-grade pay table and a proposal to eliminate the without-dependents differential for housing allowances.
VA Burial Allowance: SAG developed estimates of the costs and benefits of income and wealth means testing for veterans’ burial benefits for the Department of Veteran Affairs. Analysts utilized veteran survey data to estimate the impact of means testing on applicants’ likelihood of applying for the benefit.
Human Resource Program Analysis
Both public and private-sector employers need to make strategic choices when developing compensation packages. SAG is an expert at analyzing the various components of compensation to produce the optimal workforce. Our company was built on our detailed workforce and compensation analyses. We provide simple retention analysis, complex compensation system redesign and many things in between, always with the client’s workforce goal in mind. The basis for all of our HR analyses is detailed workforce and economic data that allows us to estimated the relationship between pay and benefits and retention. We take a big-picture view of compensation, factor in the economic conditions the employee finds him or herself in, and control for non-pecuniary factors.
IRS Workforce Analysis: SAG has performed a variety of workforce analysis projects for the IRS. Included in these projects was an analysis of retirement decisions and analysis of attrition and retention behavior of various categories of employees including seasonal employees. SAG also performed manpower requirements analysis for a quality assurance office within the Internal Revenue Service. This project developed a demand-based manpower requirements model to allow the IRS to predict future hiring needs.
Navy Assignment Incentive Pay: SAG staff participated in the initial design of the U.S. Navy’s Assignment Incentive Pay program. This design includes an innovative, auction-based mechanism to incentivize personnel to accept hard-to-fill jobs. SAG has also examined historical data on the program since its inception to determine program effectiveness.
OMM: For the U.S. Navy, SAG developed the Optimal Manning Model, a steady-state, community level model that determines the least-cost sustainable force that meets manpower requirements. The model takes into account loss behavior, promotions, sea-shore rotation and the effects of pay and incentives. SAG developed both officer and enlisted versions of the model, and used the model in support of community assessments conducted by the U.S. Navy. The model is a valuable tool to help determine which factors have the greatest impact on the size of the force.
QRMC: SAG Corporation has provided direct analytical support to the Seventh, Eighth, Ninth and Tenth Quadrennial Reviews of Military Compensation. For the most recent review, SAG analysts developed and presented alternative proposals for consolidating and streamlining special and incentive pays. SAG also developed a model that our analysts subsequently used to construct and cost proposed pay tables based on time in grade rather than time in service. SAG provided cost analysis of potential changes to Regular Military Compensation that would eliminate pay differences based on dependents status. Finally, SAG participated in the development of a demonstration test for the QRMC’s proposed changes to the military retirement system. This test included laboratory experiments and a voluntary pilot program, as well as surveys of members to project the likely impact of the changes.
Web-Enabled System Design and Development
SAG has developed many web-based interactive systems for our clients. These applications generally allow our clients to access and query specialized data sets that we’ve created for research purposes. They also allow the user to perform “what-if” drills via user-friendly interfaces that access the econometric and statistical models that underlie the system. Our web-enabled models often incorporate multiple levels of access so that some users can be allowed complete access to the data including update privileges while others can run queries on the existing data and still another group can only access pre-processed reports. Our web-enabled systems are designed with security in mind and strictly adhere to best practices. They are PIA-compliant to ensure individual data is kept safe.
NEM: The Navy Econometric Modeling project is a web-based application that pulls datasets for thesis writing students of the Naval Post Graduate School. This application standardizes and expedites these datasets for use in officer and enlisted retention, attrition, supply, promotion and assignment research projects.
Full Cost of Manpower: The OSD Full Cost of Manpower project is a military billet costing tool. It allows analysts to supply parameters such as specialty, grade, length of service and location. The tool then determines total annual cost for the billet and compares this cost to the billet’s closest civil service equivalent.
Database Design and Development
SAG designs and develops databases both for internal use and public and private-sector clients. Our databases are designed with ease of access in mind. We spend time at the beginning of each project discussing the types of data to be stored and the purposes of that data. We try to imagine the types of reports and queries that will be generated from the database as we devise the database structure. Our database analysts are skilled in the design and development of both stand-alone and client-server databases. We also have experience in developing custom user-interfaces to facilitate client access to the data.
Army Job Analysis Database: Designed and developed the Army Job Analysis Database. This database houses information on the various occupations and skill sets uses by the Army. It allows the Army to store data on the importance and frequency of various duties and activities by job and work context. Its output is designed to be used during workload evaluations.
Custom-Built IT Solutions
SAG invests in modern development tools, using multiple language compilers to ensure we produce flexible and fast Information Technology solutions for our clients. From Java to APEX to ASP to ASP.NET, our developers use multiple solutions to produce dynamic data-driven applications for the Web. Using MS SQL or Oracle databases in the network structure allows users of our custom applications to effortlessly manage and analyze critical data.
Navy SRB Model: The SRB Management System projects budget costs and inventory effects associated with alternative SRB plans. It projects the impact of bonus payments on reenlistment rates at both the rating and NEC levels.
Nurse Supply and Demand Model: The Nurse Staffing Model consists of The Nurse Supply Model and The Nurse Demand Model. The Nurse Supply Model takes input in the form of demographic data and starting nurse populations. The Nurse Demand Model enables the user to create and edit scenarios that consist of economic variables such as health care use, wages, unemployment, and HMO costs. When the system is run The Nurse Staffing Model is able to apply nurse staffing equations developed by the user, along with immigration and emigration trends to project nurse supply and nurse demand over a 6-year projection period.
Quota Model: SAG converted and upgraded the Navy’s 1994 Postgraduate Education Quota Model. The Quota Model is a custom-designed software that utilizes Excel spreadsheets for user input and model output. The redesign projects the minimum inventory needed by subspecialty to meet current billet requirements, the unconstrained quotas to meet minimum inventory, the quotas constrained by budget, and a Steady-State inventory using current inventory and billet structure.